There are two common types of urinary incontinence.
Stress Urinary Incontinence
One in three women suffer from stress urinary incontinence (SUI). SUI is urinary leakage that occurs during an increase in abdominal pressure. This pressure if often caused by cough, laugh, sneeze, bending, lifting, running or heavy exercise.
The cause of SUI if often weakening of the pelvic floor muscles. This can occur in younger or older patients.
Trauma from pregnancy and childbirth as well as history of pelvic surgery such as prostatectomy can contribute.
Urge incontinence is leaking of urine that is associated with a strong urge to urinate.
Patients will sometimes describe leakage when rushing to the bathroom or even when their hand is on the door handle to the restroom.
Diet, overactive bladder, alcohol, and neurologic disorders can all be causes.